E-ISSN 2683-5961 | ISSN 2354-1814
 

Research Article 


Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites

Abubakar Umar Birnin-Yauri, Norazowa Ibrahim, Aliyu Muhammad, Ahmed Umar.

Abstract
This work demonstrates the combination of cellulose-rich oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber (EFBF) and lignin-rich
kenaf core fiber (KCF) as hybrid reinforcement in poly (lactic acid) (PLA) matrix for a novel fabrication of hybrid
bio-composites. Physicochemical characteristics of EFBF and KCF were determined. Single-fiber bio-composite
were fabricated, and the hybrid bio-composite was achieved by manually mixing 55% (wt) EFBF with 5 % (wt)
KCF. The mixture was melt-blended with 40 % (wt) PLA, and subjected to compression-molding.
Characterizations via dynamic mechanical analysis and thermogravimetric analysis revealed synergistic
improvement in the thermal performance of the hybrid bio-composites compared to their single-fiber biocomposite. This implies that hybridization of the cellulose-rich EFBF with lignin-rich KCF is viable approach to
achieving novel application of oil palm fiber in bio-composite fabrication and potential applications.

Key words: Biopolymer, Natural Fiber, Poly(lactic acid), Thermal properties


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Birnin-Yauri AU, Ibrahim N, Muhammad A, Umar A. Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. Equijost. 2020; 7(2): 16-24.


Web Style

Birnin-Yauri AU, Ibrahim N, Muhammad A, Umar A. Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. http://www.equijost.com/?mno=105791 [Access: July 04, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Birnin-Yauri AU, Ibrahim N, Muhammad A, Umar A. Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. Equijost. 2020; 7(2): 16-24.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Birnin-Yauri AU, Ibrahim N, Muhammad A, Umar A. Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. Equijost. (2020), [cited July 04, 2021]; 7(2): 16-24.



Harvard Style

Birnin-Yauri, A. U., Ibrahim, . N., Muhammad, . A. & Umar, . A. (2020) Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. Equijost, 7 (2), 16-24.



Turabian Style

Birnin-Yauri, Abubakar Umar, Norazowa Ibrahim, Aliyu Muhammad, and Ahmed Umar. 2020. Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. Equity Journal of Science and Technology, 7 (2), 16-24.



Chicago Style

Birnin-Yauri, Abubakar Umar, Norazowa Ibrahim, Aliyu Muhammad, and Ahmed Umar. "Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites." Equity Journal of Science and Technology 7 (2020), 16-24.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Birnin-Yauri, Abubakar Umar, Norazowa Ibrahim, Aliyu Muhammad, and Ahmed Umar. "Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites." Equity Journal of Science and Technology 7.2 (2020), 16-24. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Birnin-Yauri, A. U., Ibrahim, . N., Muhammad, . A. & Umar, . A. (2020) Effect of Biopolymer Composition of Natural Fibers on Thermal Properties of Kenaf Core and Oil Palm Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Poly (lactic acid) Bio-composites. Equity Journal of Science and Technology, 7 (2), 16-24.





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